Uric AcidUric acid is produced from the natural breakdown of your body's cells and from the foods you eat. Most of the uric acid is filtered out by the kidneys and passes out of the body in urine.
A small amount passes out of the body in stool. But if too much uric acid is being produced or if the kidneys are not able to remove it from the blood normally, the level of uric acid in the blood increases.
If there is more uric acid than the kidneys can get rid of, a condition called hyperuricemia – or high uric acid in the blood – develops. This can lead to the development of crystals in the joints and other tissues. When these crystals accumulate, they can cause a painful attack of gout.
Not everyone with hyperuricemia will get gout – but once it develops, it is likely to return, unless treated by medicine to lower uric acid levels. High levels of uric acid may also cause kidney stones or kidney failure.
Monitoring Uric Acid LevelsTo avoid gout and other problems, uric acid levels should be 6.0 mg/dL or below. A person with a level above 6.8 mg/dL is considered to have hyperuricemia.
Most experts agree that lowering a person’s uric acid level can prevent the painful consequences of hyperuricemia – particularly gout. Medical professionals measure your serum uric acid level through a simple blood test. Just as it’s important to monitor your cholesterol, it is important to know your uric acid levels. People with gout should have their uric acid levels tested every six months to be sure it is below 6.0 mg/dL.
What is Too Much Uric Acid in Blood?If your uric acid level exceeds the normal range (listed below), then you have hyperuricemia.
|People Group||Normal Uric Acid Range|
Causes of Uric Acid
- Increase in the cell death rate
- Poor excretion by the kidneys
- High intake of dietary protein
- Fasting or rapid weight loss
- Chemotherapy or other Medication
- High exposure to pollution and UV radiations
- Alcohol intake
Symptoms of Uric Acid
- Localized pain and redness
- Inflammation in joints
- Difficulty in normal movement
Risk factors of Uric Acid
- Medical conditions
- Certain medications
- Family history
- Recent surgery or trauma